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视神经炎的家庭疗法  

2014-10-01 02:11:52|  分类: 疾病与治疗 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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What is Optic Neuritis?
视神经炎是什么?

Optic neuritis refers to the swelling of the optic nerve, the bundle of nerve fibers that transmits signals from the eye to the brain. It is also known as retrobulbar neuritis. Development of optic neuritis is a serious condition leading to impairment of vision and, in some cases, loss of vision. Individuals experience pain, impairment in color vision as well as impaired assessment of depth in vision. Optic neuritis may be temporary, where vision is restored after treatment. Steroids are prescribed for faster recovery of vision. Optic neuritis is of 2 main types: 1) Typical - Optic neuritis that develops as a result of multiple sclerosis and is independent of steroids for treatment. 2) Atypical - Optic neuritis that develops as a result of other conditions and is steroid- dependent for treatment.
视神经炎是指从眼睛传递信号到大脑的视神经、神经纤维束的肿胀。它也被称为球后视神经炎。视神经炎的发展是一种导致视力障碍和在某些情况下失明的严重状态。个人经历痛苦、色觉障碍以及视觉深度的受损评定。视神经炎可能是暂时的,在治疗后视力恢复。类固醇是更快恢复视力的处方药。视神经炎的二种主要类型:1)典型 - 视神经炎的发展由于多发性硬化和独立于类固醇治疗。2)非典型 - 视神经炎由于其他条件发展的,是类固醇依赖的治疗。

视神经炎的家庭疗法 - 智能药与保健品 - 健康之路


Common Causes of Optic Neuritis
视神经炎的常见原因

In optic neuritis, the immune system of an individual may attack the myelin sheath covering the optic nerve, thus damaging the transfer of signals from the optic nerve to the brain. There are many causes of optic neuritis. They are as follows:
在视神经炎中,一个人的免疫系统可能攻击覆盖视神经的髓鞘,从而损害从视神经的到大脑信号传输。视神经炎产生的原因有很多。它们如下:

* Autoimmune disorders - Systemic lupus erythematosus and sarcoidosis
  自身免疫性疾病 - 系统性红斑狼疮和肉状瘤病(结节病)



Common Causes of Optic Neuritis: Autoimmune Disorders


* Multiple sclerosis - This condition is a common cause of optic neuritis. When the immune system attacks the myelin sheath surrounding the brain and the spine, it results in multiple sclerosis. The frequency of developing multiple sclerosis is increased with an incidence of optic neuritis.

 多发性硬化症 - 这种情况是视神经炎的常见原因。当免疫系统攻击大脑和脊柱周围的髓鞘时,它导致多发性硬化症。发展中国家多发性硬化症的频率随着视神经炎的发病率而增加。
* Some forms of medications - Drugs such as ethambutol that is used to treat tuberculosis can cause optic neuritis. Other drugs such as quinine and amiodarone can cause optic neuritis.

 某些形式的药物 -  比如用于治疗肺结核的乙胺丁醇可引起视神经炎。其他药物如奎宁和胺碘酮,可引起视神经炎。

Deficiency in nutrients - Vitamin B12 deficiency

  缺乏营养 - 维生素B12缺乏症

Common Causes of Optic Neuritis: Vitamin B12 Deficiency


Genetic disorders - Leber’s hereditary optic neuropathy

  遗传病 - 利伯氏世袭视神经病变

Neuromyelitis optica - In this condition, optic neuritis that occurs is more severe. The optic nerve is severely damaged in neuromyelitis optica. The optic nerve fiber and the nerve fibers of the spine are affected. The nerves in the brain, however, remain unaffected.

视神经脊髓炎 - 在这种情况下发生的视神经炎更严重。在视神经脊髓炎中视神经严重受损。视神经纤维和脊椎神经纤维受到影响。但大脑中的神经不受影响。

* Trauma

   创伤
* Infiltrative disorders - lymphoma

 渗透性的障碍 - 淋巴瘤
* Optic nerve sheath meningioma

 视神经鞘脑膜瘤
* Bacterial and viral infections - Hepatitis B, HIV, cytomegalovirus, measles, mumps, Lyme disease, syphilis

 细菌和病毒感染 - 乙肝、艾滋病毒、巨细胞病毒、麻疹、腮腺炎、莱姆病、梅毒


Common Causes of Optic Neuritis: Tuberculosis


* Tuberculosis

  结核病
* Paraneoplastic disorders
  附肿瘤性失调症 
* Radiation therapy
  放射治疗

Home Remedies for Optic Neuritis

视神经炎的家庭疗法

Epsom salts - In order to reduce the inflammation in the nerves, it is recommended to take a bath, thrice a week, with Epsom salts.

泻盐(硫酸镁) - 为了减少神经炎症,建议洗澡,使用泻盐一个星期三次 


Vegetable juice - Spinach, beet, and carrot juice reduce the inflammation of the nerves and resulting pain.

蔬菜汁 - 菠菜、甜菜、胡萝卜汁可减少神经的炎症的和产生的疼痛。

Home Remedies for Optic Neuritis: Vegetable Juice

Vitamin B Supplements - Vitamin B2, vitamin B12, and pantothenic acid enhance and protect the function of the inflamed nerves. They act as antioxidants.

维生素B补充剂 - 维生素B2、维生素B12和泛酸可增强和保护发炎的神经的作用。它们充当抗氧化剂。


Home Remedies for Optic Neuritis: Vitamin B Foods


Other Nutrients - Omega-3 fatty acids, bilberry, alpha lipoic acid, and taurine have also been shown, in research, to be effective in reducing inflammation of the nerves.

其他营养物质 - 在研究中ω- 3脂肪酸、越桔、阿尔法硫辛酸和牛磺酸也显示有效地减低神经的炎症 


Exercise - Moderate walking for 20 minutes a day enhances the release and distribution of hormones that will help in reducing nerve inflammation.

每天适度运动 - 一天步行20分钟可提高荷尔蒙的释放和分配,这将有助于减少神经炎症。

Home Remedies for Optic Neuritis: Exercise


Diet Avoid coffee, tea, canned meat, canned fish, cereal, and white bread during painful episodes of neuritis.

饮食 - 在神经炎揪心痛期间,避免咖啡、茶、肉罐头、罐头鱼、谷类食品和白面包



Read more: Home Remedies for Optic Neuritis http://www.medindia.net/homeremedies/optic-neuritis.asp#ixzz3Ep69Pquw

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