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健康之路

我们需要有健康的意识,健康的知识,健康的产品及行动来维持我们身体的健康!

 
 
 

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活到100岁  

2016-02-07 20:06:59|  分类: 抗衰老 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Living To 100

Why do people in some societies stay spry well into their 90’s, while in other parts of the world people’s health may begin to deteriorate well before their 70th birthday? Are there secrets to living a long and healthy life? If we want to live longer, energetic, disease-free lives, some might wonder whether there is an optimal longevity formula, a fountain of youth, so to speak. In actuality, scientists say that 30% of your life span is dictated by your genes, and the remaining 70% is attributed to your lifestyle and the influence of environment on your genetic expression. In the U.S., you have a one in five thousand chance of living to 100. But, in a few small areas of the world, those chances are better than good and parallels can be drawn between these very different societies.

为什么人们在某些社会中保持敏捷到90岁,而在世界其他地方的人们在70岁生日之前健康开始恶化?有生活健康长寿的秘密?如果我们想活得更久、精力充沛、无病的生活,有些人可能会怀疑有一个最佳的寿命配方、青春之泉,打个譬喻说。事实,,科学家们说30%的寿命取决于你的基因,剩下的70%是由于你的生活方式和环境对基因表达的影响。在美国,你有五千分之一的机会活到100岁。但在少数小的地区,这些机会更大,在这些不同的社会之间的相似之处可以得出。

Science tells us that the human body has a limited life expectancy of approximately 90 years. Why, then, does the average American reach the end of their capacity for life at a much younger 78 years of age? If, by following a healthy lifestyle, you could reclaim those 12 or more years, would you change your priorities, take better care of yourself, pay more attention to your diet, become more physically active or be more social? Because apparently in three small areas of the world, citizens do exactly that. It’s not at all unusual to find centenarians who reside in Silenus, a small community in the mountains of central Sardinia, Italy, or live on one small island in the archipelago of Okinawa, Japan and in a segment of Seventh Day Adventists residing in Loma Linda, California. Residents of these tiny areas of the globe have some of the longest life expectancies in the world.

科学告诉我们,人体有一个有限的寿命约为90年。那么,为什么美国人平均达到寿命的能力结束在年轻得多的78岁呢? 如果遵循健康的生活方式,你可以收回那12年或更长时间,你应该改变你的优先顺序,照顾好自己,多注意一下你的饮食,或者参加更多的体力或社会活动吗? 因为显然在世界的三个小的地区,那里的公民的确做到这些。这不是不寻常的发现百岁老人居住在意大利西勒诺斯发 撒丁岛中部山区的一个小社区,或者住在日本冲绳群岛中的一个小岛和居住在加利福尼亚洛马琳达一个安息日会社区。这些微小区域的居民在全球范围内的有世界上最长的预期寿命。

Not only do these active residents enjoy extraordinary longevity, they live relatively free of disabling and life shortening chronic diseases. When you hear how they live their everyday lives, you may think, “Hey, that’s no secret. Everyone knows that.” The difference here is that while we may know it, they actually live it and their healthy lifestyles are paying off in healthy years. How many of us could say we look forward to holding our great, great, great grandchild? Some Okinawans can and do. What can we learn from these seemingly ageless societies where people work hard but life is simple? Author Dan Buettner teamed up with the National Institute on Aging and National Geographic magazine to find out.

In the highlands of Sardinia, vigorous centenarians still walk or bike to work each day and are active from dusk to dawn. Their remote mountain villages have helped to preserve a traditional way of life that encourages longevity. They chop wood and hike for miles each day to tend their flocks of sheep. They grow grapes and make their own polyphenol rich wine and grow fruits and vegetables, including tomatoes, eggplant and fava beans. They drink goat’s milk and eat omega-3 rich local cheese made from the milk of pasture raised sheep. Elderly people live with their extended families and participate in family life, which research shows is life extending for everyone, from grandparents to grandchildren. They drink wine in moderation and socialize with friends on a regular basis.

The Okinawans are among the world’s healthiest and longest lived people. There is no such thing as retirement and they awaken every day with a sense of purpose. The elderly family members are respected for their wisdom and Okinawan women are often respected spiritual leaders, contributing to their reason for living. They garden and spend time outdoors every day, raising colorful vegetables and herbs, high in natural antioxidants. They eat much more tofu than meat, eat small servings and stop eating when they are 80% full. They maintain lifelong social networks and often negotiate life’s ups and downs with friends they have known all their lives.

The Seventh Day Adventist woman of Loma Linda has a life expectancy of 89 years, a full decade longer than the average American woman. And men can expect to live 11 years longer than average. They eat a Bible-based vegetarian diet filled with greens, beans, nuts and seeds. Consistent daily walks are a part of their lifestyle. They take a 24 hour Sabbath each week and focus on family, their religion and nature. They spend their time with like-minded people in their community who support their proactive healthy lifestyles. They volunteer and give back to the community.

What the citizens of all three areas, known as Blue Zones, have in common:


They are active every day from morning to night.
They are very socially engaged.
They eat a largely plant based diet.
They don’t smoke.
They celebrate and respect their aged family members.
They put family first and surround themselves with friends, all of whom have a similar lifestyle and sense of purpose.

With our American lifestyles, we’re not likely to raise sheep or grow our own foods, but we can take some lessons from our wise and worldly neighbors. To live healthier-- eat nutritiously, be physically active, drink moderately, be socially connected, spend time in nature, maintain a healthy weight and don’t smoke and you might just add those 12 lost years back into your own lifespan.

 

活到100岁 - 保健品与健康 - 健康之路

  

 

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