注册 登录  
 加关注
   显示下一条  |  关闭
温馨提示!由于新浪微博认证机制调整,您的新浪微博帐号绑定已过期,请重新绑定!立即重新绑定新浪微博》  |  关闭

健康之路

我们需要有健康的意识,健康的知识,健康的产品及行动来维持我们身体的健康!

 
 
 

日志

 
 

5种非处方药物,比你想象的更危险  

2016-05-09 17:18:32|  分类: 医药与健康 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

  下载LOFTER 我的照片书  |

If you’re prone to popping an over-the-counter pill or two every time you have a headache, slight skin irritation, or stomach trouble, then you may want to think twice about these quick fixes. While many of our medicine cabinets are filled with an array of dietary supplements, pain relievers, sleep aids, and other medications found in the aisles of the grocery store, their use should still be carefully monitored. Some of these medications could have lasting effects on the body from long-term use that can damage the heart or liver. These effects can be particularly damaging if you’re prone to mixing your over-the-counter meds. The following five medicines are easy to buy and even easier to overuse, so use them only when absolutely necessary to avoid damaging vital organs.


1. Tylenol (Acetaminophen)
扑热息痛(对乙酰氨基酚)

While acetaminophen-based products such as Tylenol have become popular for both children and adults to treat ailments like the common cold, fever, chills, and body aches, it is still wise to approach this medication with caution. Drug Watch explains that while acetaminophen is safer than aspirin, it is still the leading cause of acute liver failure in the United States, and it accounts for over 100,000 calls to poison centers and 60,000 trips to the emergency room. These numbers do not include the numerous deaths that are also associated with Tylenol.

Tylenol is available in many different dosages that are typically from 300 milligrams of acetaminophen to 1,000 milligrams prescription strength, and unlike aspirin or ibuprofen, the product does not treat inflammation. Though long-term use is not recommended for everyone, it can be used safely for chronic pain associated with arthritis, though dosage should still be kept in check. If you do not experience arthritic pain and are just a casual Tylenol user, then it is still important to recognize the amount of acetaminophen you are consuming overall, from both Tylenol products and any other medications that may also contain the ingredient. You may be putting yourself accidentally at risk for an acetaminophen overdose by taking multiple products that have this as their active ingredient, so check the labels or ask your doctor if this should be of concern.

2. Saline Laxatives

盐类泻药

Oral over-the-counter laxatives are safe and effective for treating mild constipation and discomfort temporarily, but these medications are often accidentally abused and taken too often, which can lead to severe side effects and even death. Saline laxatives contain the active ingredient sodium phosphate, which helps relieve constipation by drawing water into the bowels and softening the stool, explains Mercola. However, trouble can arise if this type of laxative is taken too often, as this can easily cause dehydration and eventually kidney damage or heart problems because of the abnormal levels of electrolytes present in the blood. In extreme cases, this can even lead to death.

Overdoses from saline laxatives can occur from taking one single dosage that was higher than the recommended amount, or from taking multiple doses in one day after not seeing results from the recommended single dosage. While there have been 54 reports of side effects from these laxatives, it’s very possible that the number of people who experience side effects are largely unreported and thus quite larger than this number.

Another reason to use oral laxatives such as these with caution is because the body can become dependent on them over time — this is particularly true for stimulant laxatives, as they can damage the nerves and muscles of your large intestine if used daily, making it more difficult to have a regular bowel movement without the help of medication. Eating more fiber can be just as helpful, and much better for your body, than the constant consumption of oral laxatives.


3. Benadryl (Diphenhydramine)
 苯那君(苯海拉明)

If you experience seasonal allergies and don’t mind the slight drowsiness that Benadryl is known to cause, then there’s a good chance this medication is sitting in the back of your medicine cabinet just in case of an emergency. However, it’s important to note that the active ingredient found in Benadryl, diphenhydramine, is also found in Prozac because of its ability to elevate mood. Virginia Hopkins also found that diphenhydramine is the active ingredient in many popular cold and flu medicines and sleep aids, and it is also prescribed to help control involuntary movements caused by Parkinson’s disease or other medications. If you are taking multiple medications in addition to the occasional (or frequent) use of Benadryl, then you may want to double check that you’re not taking too much of this common active ingredient.

In addition to drowsiness, diphenhydramine can cause dry mouth, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, muscle weakness, vision problems, difficulty urinating, painful urination, and erectile dysfunction. Also, if you like to drink alcohol, you should consider avoiding this drug altogether, as the mix of the two can worsen the side effect of sleepiness. The National Highway Traffic Highway Association has already made statements advising against the consumption of any diphenhydramine products and driving, as they found that the ingredient slows reaction time and driving performance by a significant amount, and it can impair memory and attention in the first two to three hours that it is taken.


4. Prilosec OTC (Proton Pump Inhibitor)

奥美拉唑场外(质子泵抑制剂)

Proton pump inhibitors make it possible for many people to reduce stomach acid and help get gastroesophageal reflux disease, or GERD, under control — in fact, the New York Times reports that these types of medications are the third highest-selling class of drugs in the United States. While medications like Prilosec OTC have done a world of good for those who experience severe heartburn and acid reflux, they are not without their dangers, and they should be taken with caution.

While short-term P.P.I. usage can be helpful, long-term usage can result in a reduced ability to absorb vital nutrients, minerals, and vitamins in food — this can include a reduced absorption of calcium, magnesium, and vitamin B12 among many others. With repeated use of these inhibitors, it may also be easy for the body to become dependent on them — because they work to block acid production in the stomach, the body works to create even more acid-making cells in response. Once you stop taking the medication, your body’s instant response is to not only start producing stomach acid, but to produce it more rapidly than before. This can cause many people to continuously use the medication to prevent this effect from happening, thus causing dependency.

Using inhibitors in such a way only masks the problem of acid overproduction, but it does not solve acid reflux or heartburn. And, some acid in the stomach is useful and necessary, so attempting to eliminate it altogether can interfere with your body’s ability to kill bad bacteria and microbes. The best way to control acid reflux symptoms is with diet, so talking to your doctor about a lifestyle change may be the healthiest route to go.


5. Advil (NSAIDs)
艾德维尔(非甾体抗炎药)

Though Advil may be another pain medication in your common repertoire of over-the-counter relievers, there are an increasing number of warnings that state the potential dangers of ibuprofen and other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. According to the Inquisitr, the FDA has now warned that painkillers like Motrin and Advil that are used to relieve discomfort from minor aches and pains, arthritis, strains, sprains, and fevers are now listed as also having a high level of heart risk.

Those who are at a higher risk of developing heart disease or those who have high blood pressure should take caution when taking this class of drugs, as they are at a higher risk of being affected by NSAIDs. Common medications containing ibuprofen, like Advil and Motrin, should be avoided by those in the high-risk category, but so should products like Aleve, as the active ingredient naproxen can have the same damaging effects. NSAIDs also carry a higher risk of stroke if taken frequently, and if taken on an empty stomach, they can lead to gastrointestinal issues by tearing apart the stomach lining, says Fusion. Distressing the lining of the stomach can eventually lead to gastrointestinal bleeding or stomach ulcers, so avoid taking these medications more than four times a week to decrease your risk.

 

Lauren Weiler
May 09, 2016
  评论这张
 
阅读(47)| 评论(0)
推荐 转载

历史上的今天

在LOFTER的更多文章

评论

<#--最新日志,群博日志--> <#--推荐日志--> <#--引用记录--> <#--博主推荐--> <#--随机阅读--> <#--首页推荐--> <#--历史上的今天--> <#--被推荐日志--> <#--上一篇,下一篇--> <#-- 热度 --> <#-- 网易新闻广告 --> <#--右边模块结构--> <#--评论模块结构--> <#--引用模块结构--> <#--博主发起的投票-->
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

页脚

网易公司版权所有 ©1997-2017