注册 登录  
 加关注
   显示下一条  |  关闭
温馨提示!由于新浪微博认证机制调整,您的新浪微博帐号绑定已过期,请重新绑定!立即重新绑定新浪微博》  |  关闭

健康之路

我们需要有健康的意识,健康的知识,健康的产品及行动来维持我们身体的健康!

 
 
 

日志

 
 

市场上最好的和最差的人造甜味剂  

2016-07-15 11:58:31|  分类: 饮食与健康 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

  下载LOFTER 我的照片书  |

Whether it’s in your desserts, coffee, or favorite diet sodas, it’s easy to get caught up in the artificial sweetener craze. For years, sugar has been seen as enemy number one when it comes to your health — many juices and smoothies and dried fruits even have more sugar than a can of cola — so it’s no surprise that most Americans are watching their sugar intake and doing everything they can to cut back.

Type 2 diabetes and metabolic syndrome are known side effects from eating too much sugar according to Medical Daily. Because of sugar’s known harmful effects, many health professionals have stated that calorie-free and sugar-free artificial sweeteners may not be “healthy” alternatives, but they will not do as much damage to the body. This fact is up for debate, however, as substitutes that mimic sugar can confuse your body into thinking you’re actually consuming sugar, thus sending your body into a confused tailspin when it realizes that you’re tasting something quite sweet without consuming any sugar at all. This causes you to then continuously crave sugar — the more artificial sugar you eat, the more you’re likely to crave actual sugar, and the vicious cycle of cravings continue. New evidence also suggests that artificial sweeteners can lead to high blood pressure, high blood sugar levels, high cholesterol, and an increased risk for developing type 2 diabetes.


So, you don’t want to eat sugar, but you don’t want to eat harmful substitutes either. Here’s a breakdown of the most harmful and least harmful artificial sweeteners, so you can determine what’s best for you and your diet.


Sucralose (Splenda) 蔗糖素(善品糖)

Splenda, the most common product made from sucralose, was introduced to the U.S. in 1999 and has since been one of the most popular artificial sweeteners on the market. Sucralose is actually derived from real sugar as well, and through many steps of chemical processing, it can taste anywhere from 400 to 700 times sweeter than sugar, according to Authority Nutrition. And, unlike other sweeteners, it does not have a bitter aftertaste, giving it the illusion that you’re consuming real sugar.

Though sucralose is said to have little to no effect on blood sugar levels, this may strictly depend on the individual and how much artificial sweetener the person consumes on a daily basis. Several studies were performed on those of average weight, and when they consumed Splenda, their blood sugar levels and insulin levels did not rise — but they were also regular consumers of sweetening products. There’s a higher likelihood of sucralose raising your blood sugar or insulin levels if you are not a regular consumer of this product or of other artificial sweeteners.

And, though sucralose is said to be great for cooking and baking and completely resistant to heat, it is known to break down and interact with other ingredients when the temperature rises above 350 degrees Fahrenheit. This break down could lead to the creation of harmful chemicals. Sucralose may also not be great for the gut — the friendly bacteria that aid in digestion may be reduced by the consumption of this product.

While sucralose may not be the most harmful substitute that you can eat, it certainly has the potential for multiple health drawbacks if you’re not used to its consumption.

 

Aspartame (Equal, NutraSweet) 天冬甜素(纽特健康糖)

Aspartame is another one of the most popular sugar substitutes out on the market today. Despite its popularity, aspartame is actually responsible for over 75% of negative reactions associated with food additives that are reported to the FDA, says Mercola. While some of these reactions are mild and can include dizziness, headache, fatigue, and nausea, some reactions are quite serious and can include seizures, depression, anxiety attacks, and heart palpitations. And, if you’re known to have epilepsy, Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s disease, or diabetes, aspartame has been known to trigger or worsen those conditions. As a sugar substitute, aspartame is highly controversial — some studies have shown that its consumption can trigger severe negative reactions, while other studies show that this information is inconclusive.

Aspartame itself is made from aspartic acid, phenylalanine, and methanol, and the excessive consumption of these chemicals has the potential to cause a great deal of harm. Ingesting disproportionate amounts of aspartic acid can really pack on the damage, says Dr. Russell L. Blaylock, a professor of neurosurgery at the Medical University of Mississippi. In a recent book of his, Blaylock outlines how excessive consumption of aspartic acid and glutamic acid can cause serious chronic neurological damage. Supposedly, the excess of these amino acids can break down and destroy neurons and thus contribute to the development of chronic illnesses such as ALS, multiple sclerosis, and dementia. You should pay particular attention to your consumption of diet sodas, as the aspartame in liquid form is easier absorbed and can quickly spike plasma levels of aspartic acid in your system.


 

On the other hand, Science Based Medicine explains that aspartame, for the most part, is safe when consumed in reasonable quantities, and it is not known to cause cancer, tumors, or any autoimmune or neurological disease. Though it is mostly unanimous that in some people, aspartame is known to cause migraines and can affect weight control. Though aspartame has been highly studied, its safety is still undetermined, and if you do choose to use it as a sugar substitute, it’s best to use it sparingly.


Saccharin (Sweet‘n Low) 糖精

Saccharin, otherwise known as Sweet’n Low, is known as the first artificial sweetener, and like other sweeteners, the FDA has studied it time and time again. Saccharin is about 300 times sweeter than sugar and is most commonly found in soft drinks, chewing gums, fruit juices, and toothpaste. Livestrong explains that an early study found that saccharin was linked to bladder cancer in the 70s, but this link was only based on trials done on rats and not on humans. When human trials were performed, there was no conclusive link to cancer, and thus the study was dropped. Currently, saccharin is known as a safer sugar alternative with less controversy and uncertainty surrounding its safety than aspartame or sucralose.

Saccharin can possibly trigger allergic reactions, however; Medicine Net explains that saccharin belongs to a class of compounds called sulfonamides, and those who are sensitive to sulfa-based drugs may experience a reactionwith the consumption of saccharin. An allergic reaction might be something less severe, such as a headache, or it might present itself as gastrointestinal problems or breathing difficulties.

Overall, saccharin is the first and one of the least controversial sweeteners on the market, and it’s perhaps a safer alternative for consistent consumption over either aspartame or sucralose.

 

Sugar Alcohols 糖醇

While you won’t be purchasing sugar alcohols to put in your morning coffee or bake into your low-calorie baked goods, they are a form of sugar replacement that are common in “sugar-free” candies, cookies, chewing gums, and sodas. Built Lean explains that sugar alcohols are chemically a mix between a sugar molecule and an alcohol molecule. While their structure resembles sugar, they are not metabolized or digested the same way, and thus they don’t raise insulin levels when ingested and are generally safe for diabetics to consume.

Sugar alcohols vary by name greatly — ingredients like xylitol, sorbitol, erythritol, maltitol, and isomalt are just a few that may be listed in your sugar free foods. And, unlike other sweeteners on the market, sugar alcohols do contain calories; they just contain far fewer calories than ordinary table sugar.


 

Xylitol is one of the most well-researched sugar alcohols on the market, and it contains about 40% fewer calories than regular sugar. Though xylitol can cause an upset stomach if consumed in large quantities, it is overall known as a safe sugar alternative. Erythritol, the main ingredient in the sweetener blend Truvia, has only 5% of the calories of regular sugar with 70% of the sweetness. Sorbitol, common in jelly spreads and soft candies, can cause some digestive issues but is known to give foods a smooth and desirable texture.

There are many different sugar alcohols present in low-calorie and and sugar-free treats, and overall, the consumption of this product is safe. While they may cause digestive problems because the body cannot digest most of them, erythritol is known to cause less digestive issues than the rest.


Stevia  甜叶菊

Stevia is unlike the rest of these sweeteners in that is derived from the stevia plant. The Huffington Post explains that this species is grown in Brazil and Paraguay, and the plant’s sweetness comes from glycosides, which are naturally occurring and extracted from the leaves. While Truvia is the most popular brand of sweetener that contains the stevia extracts, it also contains the sugar alcohol erythritol.

The stevia extract can taste almost 200 times sweeter than sugar, and you can also bake with this product. However, stevia will not caramelize like normal sugar will when put under certain temperatures, so there is that difference when dealing with stevia in your baked goods. You can also purchase stevia in multiple forms — while Truvia comes granulated like normal table sugar, NuNaturals sells a liquid stevia product that comes in a small bottle, and there is also Stevia in the Raw, which is similar to the texture of turbinado sugar.

While there have been concerns about whether stevia can increase the risk of cancer or reproductive issues, there is no evidence to support these claims. If anything, there is some evidence to support the fact that stevia can actuallyimprove high blood pressure and possibly treat diabetes, but this is also inconclusive. So far, stevia is known as a safe sugar alternative that might just be the perfect fit for those trying to lessen their sugar intake.

  评论这张
 
阅读(53)| 评论(0)
推荐 转载

历史上的今天

在LOFTER的更多文章

评论

<#--最新日志,群博日志--> <#--推荐日志--> <#--引用记录--> <#--博主推荐--> <#--随机阅读--> <#--首页推荐--> <#--历史上的今天--> <#--被推荐日志--> <#--上一篇,下一篇--> <#-- 热度 --> <#-- 网易新闻广告 --> <#--右边模块结构--> <#--评论模块结构--> <#--引用模块结构--> <#--博主发起的投票-->
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

页脚

网易公司版权所有 ©1997-2017